Yemen has a great history in the manufacture of jewels and silverware. Since ancient Yemeni civilizations, it has assumed a prominent position as a symbol of strength, greatness and wealth in the era of the ancient Yemeni civilizations such as the civilization of Saba, Hamir, Qataban, Osan and Hadramout. Yemen occupied a great place through these works or through silk, silver, incense and stones And is exported to various parts of the world .. It is characterized by a large presence in our country, in any of the Yemeni regions find a special character in the manufacture of these silver crafts ranging from necklaces, bracelets, rings, ornaments, swords, janabi, daggers and Arab rifles Timber, boxes and lanterns and coffee pots and braziers problem and ornate silver. Silver artifacts are one of the important crafts that Yemen has known for hundreds of years. The archaeological and scientific excavations have proved the existence of silver artifacts dating back to the era of ancient civilizations such as Sabbatian civilization. In Islamic history, the two ancient essences of the Yemenite mark Hassan bin Ahmed Hamdani, And silver in Yemen and raw materials and places of existence, a specialized book is one of the most important scientific sources of this industry in Yemen for more than a thousand years.
There is a great diversity in the shapes and geometric decoration and vaccination with different jewels that make them rare, and we notice a great aesthetic in it both in terms of the variety of decorations or the accuracy of the manufacture and composition. Perhaps the most characteristic of our country are the processes of packaging and packaging of white weapons such as swords and daggers, especially janabi, The aesthetic of it lies in the manual work is an innovation in itself and in practice craftsmen find this profession produce new and beautiful decorations and forms and shape and content and be more accurately and better development.
There is a new industry and new creations represented in the manufacture of rings and necklaces embroidered with the famous Yemeni agate, which is a rich material found in many of our country, and extracted from the mountains of Anas; the forms of the sterile, which carries the secrets and meanings of aesthetic reflect a symphony of attractive colors. The Yemeni woman has not left a place in her body, but adorned it from her head, arms, neck, chest, waist, and feet. There are bracelets, earaches, necklaces, necklaces and necklaces worn by her. The women around her neck, the silver garlic, the chrysanthemum, the chrysanthemum, the chandeliers, the chandeliers, the chandeliers, the girdles, the silver belts, the ankles, the anklets and the ornaments, all show the precision and splendor of the design,
Advantages of the jewelery industry
The popular jewelery industry is characterized by its decorations. These are bracelets, necklaces, anklets, anklets, chest cover, earrings, all made of silver or gold in all Arab countries.
The popular decoration is characterized by a high innate sensitivity that combines free formation and geometric formation with all the popular memory of tattoo and symbols that we feel as if it were a textile; it is simply designed from a memory inherited by generations; it is a handicraft industry that employs the hands of manufacturers to turn gold and silver sheets into And many other tools are used in the industry, including hammer, serrated, mold and kerchief. Silver and gold blocks are imported from the Nizwa market, which is characterized by its quality and free of impurities, nickel and copper. The jewelery industry begins by smelting gold or silver into a liquid and then poured into a mold made of a material resistant to high and high temperatures. It is then cooled by placing the mold on a cold water surface, cooled and then lumped into a thick thin plate that is cut and shaped according to the purpose Its manufacture is intended for women such as bracelets, rings, chisels, anklets, earrings, throat and head scarves. The use was not restricted to women only, but also to men, who decorated their swords, daggers and sticks with gold and silver threads, which gave them an aesthetic character and a distinguishing characteristic.
Metals and jewels
The minerals and stones used in the jewelery industry are:
Copper is one of the oldest minerals used in Egypt, and was extracted from the Eastern Desert and the Sinai especially from the areas of Sarapit and the cave.
Gold was extracted from the Eastern Desert, especially from Wadi Hammamat (Fawakheir), which links Qena and the Qusayr region on the Red Sea coast. Gold was later brought from Sudan and West Asia.
Silver was not found in large quantities in Egypt, and was derived from gold impurities or brought from Western Asia, and silver was more expensive than gold.
(White gold) is a mixture of about 75% gold – 22% silver – 3% copper, and was extracted from Egypt and imported large amounts of Puntland (perhaps Somalia), which is more solid than gold, Manufacture of ornaments and coverings of wooden furniture, doors and domes.
Iron ore (iron meteors); was used in the work of beads and amulets The ancient Egyptians noticed that this metal rust quickly, so they did not use it very much.
Most of the semiprecious stones were found in the Egyptian desert, some of which were imported from other countries.
Turquoise (light blue); it was extracted from the Sinai (Sarapit the servant and the cave valley) but it was not widely used in ancient Egyptian ornaments.
Although it may not be in Egypt, it has been used in large quantities in Egyptian jewelery since ancient times. It is found in a mountain in Afghanistan called Badakhshan and was brought to Egypt through trade with some regions of Western Asia Faris – the land of Mesopotamia Syria Phenicia).
Agate (brown and red);
ازياء يمنية - author
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